Parenthetical CitationsMLA format uses a parenthetical citation, which is brief mention in the text of your paper that leads the reader to the complete information about that reference. It usually appears at the end of a sentence. A parenthetical citation involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. The author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your works cited page.
ORDracula, “…is a combination of Gothic villain, Regency rake, and monster” (Seed 62).
ORSeed believes that Dracula is a mix of scoundrel, ogre, and devilish man (62).
Works Cited PageMLA uses a works cited page: a list of works cited at the end of an article, paper, or chapter. References are listed in alphabetical order, using the author’s last name (if there are multiple authors, follow the order provided in the source). Each reference citation will include the author’s name, date of publication, title, publisher, and place of publication.
Interactive ExampleMove your mouse over the different parts of the citation to see what they represent:
Heyen, William. “Sunlight.” American Poetry Review, vol. 36, no. 2, 2007, pp. 55-56. Academic Search Premier, http://www.jstor.org.hrt-proxy.libraries.vsc.edu/stable/20683475, Accessed 2 January. 2017.
More Citation Examples
Style Guides & Additional Writing ResourcesFor a comprehensive overview of MLA paper and source citation format, we recommend you use these style guide websites:
MLA 8th Edition
MLA 7th Edition
- MLA Documentation Guide (UW-Madison)