Chicago style is often used in the humanities (especially History) and uses footnote or endnote citations in the paper and through bibliography pages. The following examples use Chicago Style 16th edition.
Use footnotes or endnotes (N) when citing sources in Chicago Style. Each note will be accompanied by a bibliographic entry (B) at the end of your paper. The first time you refer to a source, provide the complete note. Subsequent times that you refer to the source simply use the author’s last name, a shortened version of the title, and the page numbers. Notes should be numbered consecutively in order beginning with number 1.
Move your mouse over the different parts of the citation to see what they represent:
Galvin, Daniel J., “Presidents as Agents of Change.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 44, no. 1 (2014): 77-85. doi:10.1111/psq.12089.
More Citation Examples
Chicago Formatting Resources
For a comprehensive overview of Chicago paper and source citation format, we recommend you use these style guide websites:
- Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition (OWL Purdue Univ.)
- Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide (Chicago Manual)
- Chicago Documentation Style (UW-Madison)