In-Text CitationsAn in-text citation is a brief mention within the body of your paper that leads the reader to the complete information about that reference. It usually appears at the end of a sentence. In-text citations include the author of the source (often in a signal phrase), the year of publication, and if it is a direct quote, the page number in parentheses.
ExamplesYanovski and Yanovski (2002) reported that “the current state of the treatment for obesity is similar to the state of the treatment of hypertension several decades ago” (p. 600).
ORObesity treatments are not being taken seriously and it resembles the way people viewed hypertension many years ago (Yanovski & Yanovski, 2002).
ORYanovski and Yanovski (2002) found that obesity treatments are not being taken seriously.
Every APA paper must include a list of references. References are listed in alphabetical order, using the author’s last name (if there are multiple authors, follow the order provided in the source). Each reference citation will include the author’s name, date of publication, title, publisher, and DOI or direct-link url if accessed online.
Please note that the citation tools in the library databases have not yet updated to 7th edition. Make sure to review and revise any citations you take from these tools before submitting homework.Also note that if you access a resource from a library database, APA no longer requires the url or name of the database. However, if your instructor requires a url, please use the permalink.
Eskritt, M. & McLeod, K. (2008). Children’s note taking as a mnemonic tool. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 31 (1), 77-85. https://doi:10.1016/jecp.2008.05.007.
More Citation Examples
APA Formatting Resources
- APA Style Blog and APA Quick Answers Formatting
- APA Documentation Guide (UW-Madison)
- How to Write an APA Style Reference When Information is Missing (PDF) (American Psychological Association)
- APA Formatting and Style Guide (OWL Purdue Univ.)