APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the health and social sciences disciplines. The following examples use APA 6th edition.
An in-text citation is a brief mention within the body of your paper that leads the reader to the complete information about that reference. It usually appears at the end of a sentence. In-text citations include the author of the source (often in a signal phrase), the year of publication, and if it is a direct quote, the page number in parentheses.
Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) reported that “the current state of the treatment for obesity is similar to the state of the treatment of hypertension several decades ago” (p. 600).
Obesity treatments are not being taken seriously and it resembles the way people viewed hypertension many years ago (Yanovski & Yanovski, 2002).
Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) found that obesity treatments are not being taken seriously.
Every APA paper must include a list of references. References are listed in alphabetical order, using the author’s last name (if there are multiple authors, follow the order provided in the source). Each reference citation will include the author’s name, date of publication, title, publisher, and place of publication.
Move your mouse over the different parts of the citation to see what they represent:
Eskritt, M. & McLeod, K. (2008). Children’s note taking as a mnemonic tool. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 31 (1), 77-85. doi:10.1016/jecp.2008.05.007.
More Citation Examples
Style Guides & Additional Writing Resources
For a comprehensive overview of APA paper and source citation format, we recommend you use these style guide websites:
APA 6th Edition
- APA Formatting and Style Guide (OWL Purdue Univ.)
- APA Documentation Guide (UW-Madison)
- How to Write an APA Style Reference When Information is Missing (PDF) (American Psychological Association)